Race Pure

Source de l’information: Fdesouche

L’étude d’un ADN vieux de plus de 36.000 ans montre une continuité génétique chez les populations eurasiennes depuis leurs origines, prouvant que l’homme a survécu aux périodes glaciaires les plus sévères en Europe. (…) En comparant le génome d’un homme dont les ossements fossilisés ont été mis au jour à Kostenki (photo ci-dessous), dans la partie européenne de la Russie d’aujourd’hui, avec les résultats de précédentes recherches, ces scientifiques ont découvert une unité génétique « surprenante » remontant jusqu’aux premiers humains en Europe. Lire la suite

The Universal Nature of Biochemistry, Norman R. Pace

Source de l’information: U.S. National Library of Medicines

People have long speculated about the possibility of life in settings other than Earth. Only in the past few centuries, however, have we been able to conceive of the specific nature of such settings: other planets around our own sun and solar systems similar to our own elsewhere in the physical universe. Speculation on the nature of life elsewhere often has paid little heed to constraints imposed by the nature of biochemistry, however. A century of fanciful science fiction has resulted not only in social enthusiasm for the quest for extraterrestrial life, but also in fanciful notions of the chemical and physical forms that life can take, what the nature of life can be. Since the time of the Viking missions to Mars, in the mid-1970s, our view of life’s diversity on Earth has expanded significantly, and we have a better understanding of the extreme conditions that limit life. Consequently, our search for extant life elsewhere in the solar system can now be conducted with broader perspective than before. How can life be detected regardless of its nature and origin? Considering the recent spectacular advances in observational astronomy, it seems likely that the first sign of life elsewhere will be the spectroscopic detection of co-occurring nonequilibrium gases, for instance oxygen and methane, in the atmosphere of a planet around some distant star. Co-occurrence of such gases would indicate that they are replenished, perhaps most readily explained by the influence of life. By observation of oxygen and methane, Earth could possibly be seen as a home for life even from distant galaxies. Other potential habitats for life in this solar system, such as Mars and Europa, however, are not so obvious. The search for life on those bodies will be conducted at the level of analytical chemistry. As we undertake the detection of extraterrestrial life, it is instructive to try to put constraints on what the nature of life can be. These constraints, the requirements for life, tell us where and how to look for life, and the forms that it can take. Lire la suite